Project: Government Upper Primary School, Kakanoor, Andhra Pradesh

Strength of the School:


































Project Contact:

Mr. GVVSDS Prasad

Chairman, VASORD

104, Reliance Enclave

Venkataramana Colony, Hyderabad-500004

Phone: (40) 3320196; (40) 3395964


Project Description: The school has 7 classes ranging from 12 students in class VII to 119 in class I. Strength of girls is about 50% of the school strength indicating that girl education is accepted in this village. The ratio of boys to girls is high in the upper classes and it is the other way around in lower classes.


The school has 6 posts sanctioned by the government. There are only 4 teachers working at present, the other posts being vacant. The watershed committee and the Gram Panchayat appointed two teachers to support the exiting team of 4 teachers. Three teachers are BSc. BED, one teacher has Bcom Bed and two village volunteer teachers have SSC.

Teaching is just a routine without any innovation . Teachers do not receive any training that equips them with better skills particularly in understanding the mind of the child and present the subject in a more interesting way. There is no physical instructor to teach exercises, group games, drills etc. Teaching aids, library facilities are virtually non-existent.

The school has a Village education committee comprising of 4 members (2 BC, 1 OC and 1 SC).

School Infrastructure:

The school has 4 class rooms and one office room. The accommodation is insufficient for the requirements of the classes. Two classes are handled in the same room for want of accommodation. The children squat on the floor as there is no class-room furniture.

The school has one toilet and one urinal for itís strength of 325 students and 6 teachers. For all purposes, sanitation facilities do not exist for the school. There is no drinking water facility either. Children go to their homes in the village during school hours to have a glass of water and lose part of the class.

The school has no library and no laboratory. Extra reading in the school or at home are not possible and no scientific experiments can be conducted in the school. The school does not possess any teaching aids, maps, globe, demonstration material, working models etc.

The school has a small play ground and facilities for playing kho-kho and volleyball. No other indoor games are available in the school.

In villages, govt has set up schools with inadequate infrastructure and manpower. Rural educaiton has a "form" with school structures without "content". There is awareness in rural areas and children are sent to schools. There is need to improve the quality of education in these schools. In many of these schools, there is no "life" and what goes on is just a mundane routine with a gross indifference and apathy. These rural schools have poor educational standards. Improving educational standards in these schools can potentially change the future of thousands of children.

VASORD believes in strengthening these rural schools as an important intervention in education. Motivating teachers, providing training and learning opportunities for them, bringing awareness among parents, improving infrastructure facilities in these schools will go a long way in improving educational standards. Creating confidence in the student, learning attitude and social consciousness are necessary.

VASORD has taken up this task beginning with the upper primary school in Kakanoor village and initiated several measures for improving the quality of education in the school:

A Multi Speciality Health Camp was organized in the school with 25 specialist doctors from ESI Hospital, Hyderabad that benefited 170 needy people of Kakanoor and neighbouring villages. The school teachers and children have participated very actively in organizing this camp in addition to getting themselves examined. This camp provided a good opportunity for them to display their organizational potential and discipline.

VASORD provided the following infrastructure for this school:

11 benches with desks for classroom furniture that can provide seating for 33 students.

One almirah for keeping school books and records

5 black boards

laboratory equipment and a microscope

drinking water tank

sports material (volleyball, tennicoit, cricket kit)

public address system

motivated the watershed committee for appointment of two teachers

VASORD motivated the teachers, village education committee, Gram Panchayat and other residents of the village on self-help who collected Rs. 10,000 from contributions for additional facilities in the school. The involvement of the village people in the school improvement is high. The village education committee and teachers are quite active in bringing better educational standards in the school.

This school was the venue for launching the MILLION TREES programme for afforestation of 15 villages where watershed programme is taken up by VASORD. The teachers and students actively participate in programmes to protect the environment-particularly planting and maintaining trees, cleanliness and upkeep of the school


  1. To improve the quality of education
  2. To inculcate aptitude for learning in the student
  3. All round development of the child
  4. To strengthen the teachers and their ability to teach and equip them better
  5. To improve school infrastructure

This project will have emphasis on "learning" rather than mere "teaching". Education should be a matter of pleasure for the student. It is the positive, congenial atmosphere which enables learning process. It is the involvement of teachers, Village Education Committee, Gram Panchayat and other peopleís organization that ensures good education. A sense of belonging, ownership and concern for quality education of their children among the parents are essential prerequisites for making the school strong and dynamic.

Requested Budget:

Fixed Costs

School Infrastructure Rs. 1,00,000

Classroom Furniture Rs 80,000

Teacher Training Rs 25,000

Teaching and Other Aids Rs 1,00,000

Recurring Costs

Support for Organizing Events Rs. 50,000

Support for Students Rs. 1,60,000

Support for Teachers Rs 72,000

Support for Physical Instructor Rs 13,000

Total Rs. 6,00,000


Report from VASORD (the NGO requesting funds for Kakanoor school) in response to questions raised at the earlier ASHA meeting:


The project provided for the following budgetary items:

School infrastructure: 1,00,000
Class-room furniture 0,80,000
Support for 4 teachers 0,72,000
Teaching & other Aids 1,00,000
Support for Students: 1,60,000
Support for organising events: 0,50,000
Teacher Training 0,25,000
Miscellaneous 0,13,000


The school infrastructure consists of providing additional classrooms in the existing premises of the Upper Primary School, Kakanoor village. Building plan for the proposed construction is prepared by an engineer. This will provide two classrooms and one varandah giving a total plinth area of 700 sq. ft. The structure will be on the existing building as first floor with staircase. The estimated cost of this structure is Rs. 1,10,000/ of which Rs. 10,000 will be the contribution from the village. The Education Committee and the Gram Panchayat have already initiated the process of &ollecting funds for this structure.


Presently the children squat on the floor in the classrooms. Classroom furniture with a bench and desk will provide good seating, facility for writing, keeping books properly. It also gives better visibility of the teacher, blackboard etc. as the children will be seated about one ft. above the floor. Each bench will accommodate about 3 children and costs Rs. 1,000/ each (bench and desk)


Presently the school has 7 classes with one section each. In classes 1 and 2 there is a need for two sections each. Even at the present seven sections in seven classes the approved or sanctioned strength of teachers is 10. But this is never filled and efforts are made constantly for the last five years which brought the strength of teachers from 4 to the present 6 leaving a gap of 4 more teachers (two regular teachers and two para-teachers). The restrictions on recruiting teachers in government, allotment to the mandal, transfers, willingness of teachers to come to this,school are the factors that affect the strength of the teachers in the school. We consider that for 9 sections at least 12 teachers will be required. Even if all the posts are filled by the government and the school has the full contingent of teachers the school will still be falling short of teachers as there are more sections. The present project provides for supporting 4 additional teachers.

Educated unemployed youth having aptitude and communication skills in Kakanoor and nearby villages will be selected under the project for teaching in the school. They will be provided training both initially and during their work. VASORD has the capabilities and contacts with institutions like State Council for Educational Research & Training (SCERT) for imparting necessary training.


This will consist of:

Library- books and furniture


Sports equipment

Charts, working models in science, geography etc.

Audio visual aids

Computer with educational CDs.


This is what goes as a direct benefit to students which consists of:

Two pairs of clothing - school dress

Notebooks, pen, pencil, compass box, school bag etc.


In addition to classroom teaching, several events are organised that will enhance the student participation and improve his/her creativity. The events proposed are:

Sports day

School Annual Function

Independence Da~~ ~ 5~ August

Republic Day 26 January

Competitions - Debate, essay writing, singing, music, etc.

Science exhibitions

Health Camps

Excurssions, educational tours


Teachers' aptitude, knowledge, communication skills, love and concern for the child determine the quality of teaching. The infrastructure, the facilities like library, laboratory and other teaching aids will provide confidence in the teachers that they can do something better. Proper training and capacity building of the teachers is essential. VASORD has considerable experience in organising teachers' training in collaboration with State Council for Educational Research and Training (SCERT), District Institute of Educational Training (DIET) Mahaboobnagar, Vidyaranya High School, a school in Hyderabad functioning for the past 4 decades with excellence etc. They will also be trained under VASORD's Child Sponsorship Programme (CSP) which is covering 4 schools at present. The training broadly consist of:

1. Subject knowledge (science, mathematics, civics, languages)

2. Communication abilities

3. Child psychology

4. Personality Development of students

5. Crafts, sports, creative abilities

6. Role of the School in the overall development of the village social responsibility of teachers


VASORD inculcated in the village people's participation and responsible citizenship. People's organisations are made active and responsible for the development of the village in all spheres. The Gram Panchayat, Village Education Committee, Watershed Committee, Endowments Committee actively participate in various activities. The budgetary provisions made for each component under the project is to support people's effort for improving the quality of education in the village school. There will be people's contribution in the form of services, kind and cash.

Kakanoor is making efforts to up~~rade the present Uppar Primary School which is upto 7th standard to 10 standard and paid to the Government

Rs. 12,400/together with requisite application. They have also collected

Rs. 10,000/ for the building purpose.


The effort here is to provide support to what is existing to improve the quality of education. The components are the felt needs of the school which are expressed through the Gram Panchayat, Village Education Committee and the Teaching Staff of the School. The curriculum, the timings of the school the procedures will be the same and the question of any trade union problem is so remote to this discussion. This project provides the school, the children, teachers more facilities and support to what they want to do and all of them are so excited about it. They contribute money for the building, upgrading the school etc.

Regarding making the government school system more meaningful the present project precisely is aimed at this issue. The school is a government school, teachers are appointed and paid by the government, school routine, syllabus all directed and monitored by the government. With marginal inputs to the system strengthening the hands of the teachers, village education committee Gram Panchayat, motivating them to take responsibility for better education in school a great deal of success can be achieved. The present school Project has all possibilities for becoming a good model.


This question doesnot arise here. Because, the funds are not given to the government. Such a thing happens in a bilateral agreements, normally in government to government transactions. The present model is to support the initiatives of the school teachers, village education committee and Gram Panchayat to improve their school. They raise donations for a table, chair, an almirah, a room etc. from village people or philanthropists. Support will go for additional teachers, organising events, or support needs of children. Gram Panchayat Constructed additional classrooms (with which the school has now 4 classrooms) under the Jawahar Rojgar Yojana (JRY). The fixed assets created under the project will vest with the Village held by the Gram Panchayat which is a legal entity having constitutional status. Thus the project strengthens village infrastructure.


VASORD is proposing the project to ASFIA and will be the Project holder with the responsibility for the implementation of the Project as per the components and budget as approved by ASHA. VASORD will submit to ASHA periodic progress reports, Statements of expenditure and audited

project financial statements (by a Chartered Accountant). The process of implementation of the Project will be documented with photographs, newspaper clippings, video of events etc. that will be provided to ASHA. VASORD will be the contact point for the Project.


1. VASORD strongly believes in the strengthening the educational base of the country particularly the rural areas. VASORD organised 15 non-formal edcuation centres and prepared people for development.

2. A Primary School, VASAVYA VIDYALAYAM was started by VASORD in 1994 at Burujugadda thanda in Rangareddy District. The school catered to the needs of the village children (Mostly tribal children) upto 5th standard. All their parents were illiterate and this was the first generation going to school. In addition to regular teaching the children were trained in sports, cultural events like the puppetry, excurssions to Nagaijuna Sagar, Srisailam, Zoo Park, Birla Science Centre, participation in a children's workshop at Bangalore etc. Our efforts made the government construct a school building and take the school into its fold by appointing a teacher. VASORD provided other infrastructure support.

3. VASORD started Child Sponsorship Programme (CSP) in February,

1997 to support the educational needs of needy children. This programme is implemented through four schools supporting children in primary sections. Two government schools, one in Hyderabad and one in Burujugadda (the one started by VASORD) and two private schools in Hyderabad are under the programme. About one hundred children receive support consisting of school dress, books, event support etc. Support for this programme is raised from individual and institutional sponsors who contribute Rs. 1,000/ per annum. Teachers' training, visits to important places for the sponsored children debate, essay writing, music and other programmes are taken up. A committee of eminent persons provides guidance for the Programme.

4. VASORD started two education centres at Kakanoor on 2nd October (Gandhi Jayanthi Day). The District Administration provided the books, slates etc. and the instructors' honorarium is raised in the form of donations in the village itself and other concerned citizen. The village took a resolve that it will become a 100 % literate village by the year 2000.